Q&A: How do I teach my dog to stop jumping up?

 

Being a house call vet, I’ve seen just about every possible canine greeting there is.  From barking and backing up, to searching my pockets for treats, to the crazy jumpers, and even humpers.  🙂

But the one that bothers my clients (and their guests) the most is the jumper.  These dogs are so darn excited to see another live being that they just can’t hide it!

Jumping up is probably one of the hardest habits to train out of our dogs because they receive all types of reinforcement for the behavior (you’ll understand that statement better after seeing this video).

I’ve shared Mikkel Becker’s videos before, and here’s another great one!  I share them because Mikkel has the ability to make training simpler and more doable for everyone.

Watch the video below!

 

Source: Video: Teach Your Dog to Stop Jumping Up

 

Do you have other training or behavioral issues you’d like to see more information on?  Give me your suggestions in the comments below, and your question might just make it into a new blog article!

Great Indoor Games to Play With Your Dog

The weather outside is frightful…  but my dog is going crazy!

 

When you can’t get outside with your pooch, here are some ideas for great indoor games that will give your dog some mental and physical exercise.  Feel free to involve your kids as well if they are big enough!

 

Play Hide and Seek

Give each family member a handful of treats and have them take turns hiding somewhere in the home.  The hiding person calls the dog to them and then rewards them with treats.  When the treats are gone, tell your dog “all done!”, and then go hide again.  Repeat ad nauseum!

 

Tug and Fetch

Playing tug and fetch are great physical games that can be played anywhere!  A long hallway or stairs can add extra exercise to a game of fetch for a young and healthy dog.

 

Find It!

This game involves sniffing and eating, two of your dog’s favorite things!  You can use your dog’s regular meal or some low calorie treats for this game.  Show your dog a treat or piece of kibble; say “find it!” then toss the morsel onto the floor.  If your dog doesn’t quite get the point, start by dropping the food right in front of her, and gradually toss the food farther and farther away.

You can make it even more difficult for good sniffers by asking your dog to “stay” while you hide the food somewhere, then release them to go find it!

 

The Muffin Tin Game

I love this game for its simplicity and mental enrichment!

Place a treat (or piece of kibble) in each cup of a muffin tin, and place a tennis ball on top of the treats in about half of the cups (not all of them).  Put the muffin tin on the floor for your dog.  Once they find all the uncovered treats, it won’t take them long to figure out that they can find more treats by knocking out the tennis balls!

 

Training Manners and Having Fun

Using your stuck-indoors time to reinforce your dog’s obedience training can be an excellent way to exercise his brain and tire him out!

You can test and treat your dog on the “Basic Five” – sit, stay, come, down, and heel.

Or, you can teach your dog some new tricks, like spin around, roll over, shake a paw, or close a cabinet.  Let your imagination run wild, and have fun!

(By the way, there are some excellent training videos online to learn from…  just make sure that you are only using positive rewards during your training so you and your dog are both having fun!)

 

Schedule A Doggie Playdate

Does your dog have a best friend?  Invite them over for a playdate!  This is a great way to wear your dog out.

Just make sure you clear some space of breakables… we all know how crazy dog play can get!

 

Stuff A Kong

Are you worn out from all this play, but your dog is still full of it?  While you sit with your cuppa tea or coffee and a good book, give your pup a stuffed Kong to occupy his time!

You can stuff a durable Kong toy with peanut butter and kibble, or freeze it full of peanut butter or broth.  I love this article from Puppy Leaks with some excellent Kong-stuffing ideas!

 

If you use these or any other ideas for your indoor play, I’d love to hear about it!  Leave me a comment below with your favorite indoor games!

 

How to Teach Your Dog Patience

 

Dogs typically don’t have a lot of patience, especially when it comes to something they really want – like food, or going outside, or their favorite toy.  Teaching your dog “impulse control” can be very useful in these situations.

The following link will take you to a video by trainer Mikkel Becker that will teach you the basics of training your dog to be patient.  Although she focuses on “waiting for the food bowl”, this technique can be applied to many other situations in which patience is a virtue.

Video: Learn How to Train Your Dog to Wait for the Food Bowl

I promise it’s not too difficult!  In fact, I often use similar techniques to encourage patience during my veterinary visits with dogs.  Many times, the owners don’t realize what I’m up to, and the dogs learn very quickly what I am asking of them.

I’d love to hear from you in the comments if you try this training skill with your dog!

Things You Should Know: The Signs of Anxiety and Stress in Your Dog

Do you know how to tell if your dog is under stress or feeling anxious?

 

When I ask this question, most pet owners will tell me that they see their dog:

Cower or hide under a chair

Pee or poop on the floor

Growl when afraid, but he would never bite!

These are certainly signs of fear, make no mistake.  However, the signs that the typical pet owner notices are usually the last in a series of attempts by your dog to avoid whatever is causing them fear or anxiety.  The signs leading up to these are much more subtle, but once you know what to look for, they will become apparent.

If you can recognize the early signs of anxiety and stress in your dog, not only can you help your pet relax before they go to the “dark side”, but you might just avoid a dangerous situation.  Dogs who are allowed to progress to the fear stages listed above are the ones who will either be permanently mentally damaged by that situation (leading to behavior problems), or they will bite. 

Allow me to tell you a story:

Once upon a time there was a cute little puppy who had never been to the big doggie park.  Her loving owners decided, when she was about 4 months old, to take her there so she could play and have fun!  When she arrived, there were so many smells and so much noise!  She stopped and sat down on the sidewalk, but her loving owners tugged on her leash and encouraged her to keep walking toward the park.

When they arrived at the gate, it made a really loud squeaking sound that hurt her ears! Her eyes widened, and she laid her ears back; she tried to avoid the big gate, but her loving owner picked her up and carried her through.  When they set her down in the grass, she was suddenly surrounded by big dogs!  They were sniffing her and running around in circles, panting and barking.  The puppy tried to find shelter between her loving owner’s feet, but her loving owner walked a few steps away.

The little puppy didn’t like the big doggie park after all.  And so she growled and snapped at the big doggies who wanted to meet her.  Her loving owner scooped her up – she was safe!  But then her loving owner scolded her, telling her she was a bad dog.  The little puppy was confused and scared, and from that day forward she hated the big doggie park.

Did you recognize the signs of anxiety and stress in the story?  The puppy in the story is a real dog, now an adult; she continues to have problems greeting other dogs, and she NEVER goes to the dog park.  Had her loving owner recognized her initial signs of stress, these permanent behavior problems might have been avoided.

Here are the signs of anxiety that you NEED to recognize in your dog:

  1.  Ears laid back
  2.  Wide eyes (“fish eyes”)
  3.  Brows furrowed
  4.  Panting (without being hot or thirsty)
  5.  Licking lips
  6.  Acting sleepy or yawning
  7.  Moving in slow motion
  8.  Hypervigilant (looking in many directions)
  9.  Moving away
  10.  Pacing
  11.  Suddenly won’t eat, even if they were hungry earlier

Start watching your dog for these signs.  I guarantee that you will begin to see them, and maybe even in situations that you didn’t know were causing your pet stress.  Once you become attuned to your pet’s body language, you can intervene early to help your pet relax!  If your pet experiences the signs of fear listed at the top, the damage is already done.  It’s up to you to be your pet’s advocate!

And here’s a handy-dandy handout for you:

Thank you to Dr. Sophia Yin for all her work in this field!

Thank you to Dr. Sophia Yin for all her work in this field!

 

If you need help understanding your pet’s body language, or realize that your pet already has some fear issues, give Dr. D a call!

 

Puppy Socialization vs. Vaccination: What’s the big deal?

Recent research has confirmed that early socialization of puppies (prior to 16 weeks of age) is very important and pivotal to helping young dogs develop a normal, healthy response to life.

 

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A new puppy owner might hear this information and be ready to eagerly pursue this early training, but then the puppy’s first veterinary visit occurs.  The vet might tell these new puppy owners that they should not expose their puppy to any dogs until they’ve finished their vaccine series, which ends around 16 weeks of age.

The new puppy owners are confused… how do they provide early learning opportunities to their dog while keeping them safe from communicable diseases?  It seems impossible.

Take a seat (if you aren’t already sitting), get your cuppa coffee or tea, and let Dr. D clear it up for ya.

First: A quick lesson in immunity.

When puppies are born, they inherit some protection from disease from their mother, depending on her exposure to disease or vaccination.  This protection is known as “maternal antibodies”.  Humans have those, too, when they are babies.

The maternal antibodies only stick around in the pup’s body for about 4 months.  When a puppy is vaccinated, his body tries to make its own antibodies to that disease.  Unfortunately, if his maternal antibodies are still around in high numbers at the time of vaccination, they will counteract the new antibodies and render them ineffective.

As the number of maternal antibodies decreases, the puppy’s immune system is more effective at creating antibodies after vaccination.  Since every puppy’s immune system is different, and we can’t tell when he’s making enough antibodies,  veterinarians administer a few boosters of a vaccine, typically every 3-4 weeks until that pup is 14-16 weeks old.  This vaccine schedule ensures that the puppy can develop his own immunity to a disease once his maternal antibodies are gone.

So what does that have to do with early socialization?

The concern about early socialization has been related to the puppy’s possible exposure to disease before he has the ability to fight it off.  If a puppy is socialized early, starting at 8 weeks of age, he has only had one vaccination.  One vaccination has not given him enough time to create a good immune response to the disease.  He needs at least 2 vaccinations, with no interference from maternal antibodies, to be safely protected.

And, there’s the rub.

What’s the answer to this conundrum?

Here is what we know:

  1. The single most important thing we can do to provide puppies with behavioral wellness is proper socialization during the critical developmental period (before 16 weeks of age).
  2. Behavior problems are the #1 cause of relinquishment to shelters, and over half of the dogs in shelters are euthanized.
  3. Canine parvovirus is the main disease risk associated with puppy socialization before the vaccination series is complete.  Though it is important to assess risk, it should be encouraging that only 2-8% of puppies may not be adequately protected from parvovirus until after their last vaccine at 14-16 weeks old.  In English:  The risk of your puppy getting parvo from a puppy socialization class is very low.
  4. The idea of “puppy class” is fairly novel.  Training facilities who provide genuinely safe opportunities for puppies to socialize are on the cutting edge.  They are progressive among their peers, therefore they are conscientious and often take every precaution to ensure your pup’s safety.

 

So, after taking all this into consideration, what do I recommend?

I believe in the power of early socialization for puppies, as well as ongoing training, to minimize potential behavioral issues later in life.  Behavioral issues such as destructive chewing, separation anxiety, house soiling, dog aggression, fear of humans, etc.  All the behavioral issues that can land a dog in a shelter.

I also believe that this early socialization is so important that the benefits outweigh the very small risk of exposure to disease.  Holding your puppy back until he is done with his vaccination series could seriously inhibit his ability to cope in normal, every day situations.

But I also want to make sure that new puppy owners are taking their pup to socialize in an appropriate place.  A well-run puppy socialization class is the best and safest option for this early socialization to occur.  Here are few things to look for in your puppy social class:

  1. A dog training facility or veterinary clinic with a solid reputation.
  2. Puppies are grouped together by age, and sometimes by size.
  3. Puppies are allowed off-leash and able to play-fight with boundaries.
  4. There is a protocol in place for sanitation and immediate clean-up of accidents.
  5. Puppies should be required to have their first round of vaccines at least 7 days prior to attending their first class.  You will also be required to continue and complete the puppy vaccination series.

Often you will find that during puppy class you will also get some bonus material, such as training tips, an education on dog body language and behavior, and information on other topics that are important to a new puppy owner.  These classes are extremely valuable.

puppies

 

Dog Parks, Pet Stores, and Other Cesspools of Disease

You might have been thinking this whole time that your puppy could just get his socializing done at the dog park.  You would be mistaken.

I do not like dog parks for young puppies.  Dog parks are not a controlled, safe environment for your young pup to learn healthy behaviors, healthy responses to stimuli, and how to properly interact with other dogs.  Not to mention that there are huge health risks involved – you don’t know if the other dogs are vaccinated or carrying intestinal parasites.  Wait until your pup is about 4-5 months old (after finishing the puppy vaccine series) before taking them to a dog park, and keep them under close supervision.

Also, if you want to prevent unwanted disease in your puppy before they are fully vaccinated, don’t take them with you to the pet store.  Wait until they are fully vaccinated.  You have no idea what’s been there.

So, what’s the next step for my puppy?

Find yourself a local puppy socialization class!  And don’t wait!  Don’t worry if you’re starting late; late is better than never.

Trust me.  You’ll thank me later.

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Looking for a great puppy socialization class in Broomfield, CO?  Check out this one at Rocky Mountain Dog Training!

 

Dr. D used the following resources to help write this article for you.  If you want more information, check ’em out!

AVMA PetCare Page on Protecting your dog, yourself, and others

DVM360 Article weighing risks vs benefits of early puppy socialization classes

AVSAB Position Statement on Puppy Socialization

Are Early Socialization and Infectious Disease Prevention Incompatible?